Kicau Burung The passion of Nature Wed, 12 Aug 2009 14:10:39 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Little Heron (Butorides striatus) Tue, 30 Sep 2008 02:58:09 +0000

Main features: Small (40-46cm); greenish-grey; neck short; black crown with long black crest;
adult little heron
underparts paler grey; bill black; legs and toes pale yellow/ orange; facial skin greenish. Genders look alike.

Juvenile: Generally duller; upperparts dark brown; white spots on wings; throat, neck and breast white streaked brown; legs dull green.

In flight: Wings appear all dark; toes project well beyond tail.

A quiet bird. Its call described as a harsh single ke-yow or chauk when flushed into flight; a raspy kitch-itch-itch; a loud kweak..kee-kee-kee.

Little Herons are often encountered at Sungei Buloh Nature Park, hunched into a compact egg-shape on a branch over the water, motionless but intently looking out for prey. Clothed in their camouflaging plumage, the less observant visitor often overlooks them.

Little Herons eat mainly small fish and crustacea (especially crabs). They also take amphibians and insects and any other edible titbits, including small mammals.

Little Herons use a wide variety of hunting techniques, but usually hunt from cover and rarely forage on the open mudflats.

Often, they perch-and-wait on a branch or root over the water, tucking in their necks and crouching in a low forward position over the water. They may flick their crests up and down as they wait. Little Herons may also jump, plunge or swim after their prey. Or they may use their feet to stir up or rake the surface for titbits. They may even dive into the water.

But more impressively, they may bait fish and other prey, e.g., by dropping a leaf onto the surface. Unlike other herons, Little Herons are not deterred by the rising tide as they are small enough to perch on overhanging branches, though often precariously.

Both adults and young birds have a partial web between the middle and outer toes, which may allow them to swim. Nestlings that fall into the water paddle efficiently to safety. And adult birds paddle back after plunging into water after prey.

These solitary birds usually hunt and roost alone and are highly territorial. But in good feeding areas, several of them may be spaced out at regular intervals. Little Herons prefer to hunt during the early morning and late evening, in shallow waters lined with vegetation which provide good perches and hiding places: mainly mangroves, estuaries, coral reefs and rocky coasts. They may also be found, less commonly and in smaller numbers, in freshwater wetlands such as swamps, streams, canals, reservoirs, and even parks and gardens.

Breeding: In Singapore, Little Herons appear to breed year-round. Courtship displays involve crest raising, neck fluffing with aerial displays, circle and crooked-neck flights and snap displays. This is accompanied by their harsh rasping courting calls and constant tail flicking. Usually, the male performs the displays.

Little Herons usually nest alone, but loose colonies of up to 10 nesting pairs have been encountered, sometimes several nests to one tree. They prefer to nest in mangroves, in trees or in bushes, often over water. They do not appear to nest further than 3 km from the coast. They build flimsy platform nests out of twigs about 30 cm wide and 5cm deep. Nests are built at 2-10 m up. In Sungei Buloh, nests were first recorded in February 2000, made in the mangrove tree, Blind Your Eye (Excoecaria allgalocha) about 5m from the ground.

2-7, usually 5-4, pale greenish-blue eggs are laid. Both parents incubate. Hatchlings are covered in yellow down and emerge at the same time. Both parents feed and raise the young. The young remain in the nest until they fledge. But if disturbed, they will scramble out of the nest and cling to branches to make it more difficult for predators to pick them off.

Migration: Little Herons are generally resident in their range, but those that breed far north in East Asia (A. s. amurensis) do migrate south. These rare visitors to Singapore are slightly larger and usually travel at night.

Status and threats: Little Herons do not appear to be under serious threat as they are still very widespread and found even on oceanic islands. But like other herons, they are affected by habitat destruction and pollution of their environment. In the past they were hunted for food although they apparently only make “tolerable eating”.


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Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis) Fri, 08 Aug 2008 13:31:47 +0000 Female. Botanical Garden, Singapore

--> Female. Botanical Garden, Singapore

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Copsychus
Species: C. saularis

Binomial name Copsychus saularis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Main features: Large (20-23cm); bill black; legs grey.

Male: Black head, breast and upperparts; underparts white; tail black with white outer feathers; bold white wingbars.

Female: Back upperparts and breast replaced by dull dark grey.

Juvenile: As in the adult but with mottled brown breast
Call: Described as a melodious song; a mournful rising whistle; and harsh raspy alarm note.

The Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, family Muscicapidae. It is also known as Oriental Magpie Robin, Straits Robin and Magpie.

This magpie-robin is an insectivorous species which is a resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from Bangladesh, Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia, south China and the Philippines.

The Oriental Magpie Robin is found in open woodland, cultivated areas and around human habitation. It nests in a hole, often in a wall, laying 3-6 eggs which are incubated by both sexes.

This species is 19cm long, including the long cocked tail. It is similar in shape to the smaller European Robin, but is longer-tailed. The male has black upperparts, head and throat apart from a white shoulder patch. The underparts and the sides of the long tail are white. Females are grey above and greyish white. Young birds have scaly brown upperparts and head.

The Oriental Magpie Robin is a common and tame bird. It is terrestrial, hopping along the ground with cocked tail. The male sings loud melodic notes from the top of a perch during the breeding season.

This is a native species in Singapore, where it is known by the Malay names Kampung/Cerang. Once very common in the 1920s, it was pushed to near extinction by the 1970s, largely due to the introduction of mynahs, illegal poaching, and the disappearance of its natural habitat in the face of rapid urbanisation. Attempts to reintroduce the bird were conducted in the 1980s, but the species remains vulnerable and hence protected by law.

The Magpie Robin’s sad story is a parable of near extinction in Singapore. Magpie Robins were once widespread and common in Singapore, as they still are in Peninsular Malaysia. But they were nearly wiped out in Singapore. Happily, they have made a slow comeback through reintroduction efforts, although their status remains vulnerable (see details below). Sungei Buloh Nature Park is among the few strongholds on the main island for this delightful bird.

Magpie Robins have a varied diet of fruits and animals but are particularly fond of insects and worms. They forage in trees as well as on the ground, where they hop with their tail raised. They also sip nectar.

They prefer open areas such as mangroves, gardens, cultivated areas. They are not found in the deep forest.

Magpie Robins have a delightful varied song and are said to be able to imitate the calls of other birds. They are sprightly and lively, often cocking their long tails. They are easy to spot as they are not shy and sing from exposed perches. Sometimes, they may abruptly sing in at night!

Male, Oriental Magpie Robin

--> Male, Oriental Magpie Robin

Breeding: Magpie Robins breed in January to June. Males court females with hearty song, usually at dawn and dusk, moving their tails up and down in tune. They can be very territorial during breeding. They build their nests almost anywhere from thick shrubs, in the fork of branches of small trees, palms (at the base of the palm frond), hollow trees and even near human habitation: under a veranda, in a hole in the wall, in an old tin can, and in stables. Nests are usually built low. Their nests are large, untidy, shallow cups loosely made from grass or dried leaves, twigs, moss, roots. These are lined with fibres or grass. 3-5 eggs are laid, pale blue or greenish with brown or purple spots. The female incubates, but both raise the young.

I met these birds in some countries, Hongkong, Thailand, China, Indonesia and Singapore.
Those photos above I took in Botanical garden singapore on July 2008. They called each others with nice songs, enjoy walking and sitting there with their songs.
Location: Cluny Road Singapore 259569
Tel: (65) 6471 7361

To go to Botanical garden, you can take MRT to Orchard(NS22) along Orchard Boulevard, take SBS bus 7, 105, 106, 123 or 174


Photo Gallery: Oriental Magpie Robin

Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis) Fri, 08 Aug 2008 13:31:23 +0000 July 2008. Botanical Garden, Singapore

July 2008. Botanical Garden, Singapore

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Halcyonidae
Genus: Pelargopsis
Species: P. capensis

Binomial name Pelargopsis capensis
(Linnaeus, 1766)

Main features: The largest (37cm, 140-200g, females usually heavier); bill large (18-20cm) coral-red; upper parts blue; head brown; collar and underparts orange-yellow; feet red.

Adult: As above. Genders look alike.

Juvenile: Like the adult but with narrow dusky fringes on the collar, lower throat and breast and buff-green fringing on upper tail coverts.

Call: Described as flutey 3-4 note fuey falling in pitch; a loud ke-ke-keke-ke-ke in flight. Also a squawking cackle.

In flight: Plain blue wings; big red bill.

The Stork-billed Kingfisher, Pelargopsis capensis (formerly Halcyon capensis), is a tree kingfisher which is widely but sparsely distributed in tropical south Asia from India and Sri Lanka to Indonesia. This kingfisher is essentially resident throughout its range.

This is a very large kingfisher, 35 cm in length. The adult has a green back, blue wings and tail, and grey head. Its underparts and neck are buff. The very large bill and legs are bright red. The flight of the Stork-billed Kingfisher is laboured and flapping, but direct. Sexes are similar. There are 15 races, mostly differing in plumage detail, but P. c. gigantea of the Sulu Islands has a white head, neck and underparts. The call of this noisy kingfisher is a low and far reaching peer-por-por repeated every 5 seconds or so as well cackling ke-ke-ke-ke-ke-ke.

Stork-billed Kingfisher is a species of a variety of well-wooded habitats near lakes, rivers or coasts. It perches quietly whilst seeking food, and is often inconspicuous despite its size. It is territorial and will chase away eagles and other large predators. This species hunts fish, frogs, crabs, rodents and young birds.

Stork-billed Kingfisher digs its nest in a river bank, decaying tree, or a tree termite nest. A clutch of two to five round white eggs is typical.

Breeding: Stork-billed Kingfishers dig out a tunnel nest in among other things: river banks, termite and ants’ nests (include a nest made 6 m high up in a tree), and a hollow tree trunk. 2-5 white eggs are laid. Little else is known about their breeding habits.

That’s wonderful day, but quite hot, on July 2008. I almost decided to go home after searching around in this Botanical Garden, Singapore. I tried to get some of kingfisher photos here. But maybe not the day. But suddenly I saw this bird flying above the Swan Lake, then I tried to catch him, following him until I was below him, he looked at me then I took some of his photos.
I paid more attention of this bird, because finally I can meet him. Then he flight over and landed in the lake caught an orange nice fish, quite big for his mouth. Then I run to get closer, then I took some photos but many people was walking around make the birds went away. I could see the whole process. Actually I could not express my feelting that time, happy I can see this birds, but also sad because of the fish was going to die.
If you see the photos, you will see 2 eyes there with the different feeling.


Photo Gallery: Stork-billed Kingfisher

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Richard’s Pipit (Anthus richardi) Fri, 08 Aug 2008 13:30:31 +0000 Muara Angke. Jakarta, Indonesia

Muara Angke. Jakarta, Indonesia

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Motacillidae
Genus: Anthus
Species: A. richardi

Binomial name Anthus richardi
Vieillot, 1818

The Richard’s Pipit (Anthus richardi) is a medium-sized passerine bird which breeds in open grasslands in northern Asia. It is a long-distance migrant moving to open lowlands in southern Asia. It is a rare but regular vagrant to western Europe. This bird was named after the French naturalist Monsieur Richard of Lunéville.

It belongs to the pipit genus Anthus in the family Motacillidae. It was formerly lumped together with the Australasian, African, Mountain and Paddyfield Pipits in a single species: Richard’s Pipit, Anthus novaeseelandiae. These pipits are now commonly considered to be separate species although the African and Paddyfield Pipits are sometimes treated as part of Anthus richardi.

This is a large pipit, 17-20 cm in length, with a weight of 25-36 g and a wingspan of 29 to 33 cm. It is a slender bird which often stands very upright. It has long yellow-brown legs, a long tail with white outer-feathers and a long dark bill with a yellowish base to the lower mandible. The hindclaw is long and fairly straight. It is an undistinguished-looking species on the ground, mainly brown above and pale below. There are dark streaks on the upperparts and breast while the belly and flanks are plain. The face is strongly marked with pale lores and supercilium and dark eyestripe, moustachial stripe and malar stripe. There are two wingbars formed by pale tips to the wing-coverts.

There is some variation between the different subspecies. A. r. sinensis is slightly smaller than the nominate race with less streaking above. A. r. centralasiae is larger with more sand-coloured upperparts. A. r. dauricus has more streaking above.

Its flight is strong and undulating, and it gives a characteristic explosive “shreep” call, somewhat similar to the chirp of a House Sparrow. The song is a repeated series of monotonous buzzy notes given in an undulating song-flight.

Some care must be taken to distinguish this from other large pipits which winter or are resident in the area, such as Blyth’s Pipit and Paddyfield Pipit. Blyth’s Pipit has a shorter bill, legs and tail, a shorter and more curved hindclaw, less white on the tail and more streaking on the upperparts. In adult birds, the median wing-coverts have blunt-ended dark centres whereas in Richard’s Pipit the dark centres become pointed towards the tip of the feather. The call of Blyth’s Pipit call is quieter and less harsh. Paddyfield Pipit is smaller than Richard’s Pipit with a shorter bill and tail, less streaking on the breast and a quieter call.

Richard’s Pipit breeds in southern Siberia, Mongolia, parts of Central Asia and in northern, central and eastern China. It migrates south to winter in the Indian subcontinent, South-east Asia and southern China with records as far south as Sri Lanka, Singapore and northern Borneo. It is a scarce passage migrant in Korea and Japan.

A small part of the population regularly moves west in autumn and birds have been recorded from most countries in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. It is seen annually between September and November at coastal watchpoints in areas such as Britain, the Netherlands and Scandinavia with occasional birds appearing in spring. A few overwinter in countries like Spain, Portugal and Morocco.

It is a bird of open country, particularly flat lowland areas. It inhabits grassland, steppe and cultivated land, preferring more fertile, moist habitats. In Europe it is most often recorded on headlands and islands. It occurs alone or in small groups.
Like other pipits, this species is insectivorous. It mainly feeds on the ground and will also make short flights to catch flying insects. A few seeds are also eaten.
The nest is made of grass or moss and is built on the ground under a grass tussock.

I found this bird in Jakarta, Muara Angke Wildlife Reserve, now there are a conservation aread, but it’s not open for public, you need to get the permit SIMAKSI, please click here for more information. About SIMAKSI (permission letter for entering a. conservation area). To get this letter we need to go to Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA) Jakarta, in Jalan Jl. Salemba Raya, Central Jakarta, next to the campus of Persada Indoneisa University-YAI.

I took some of the photos also in Singapore, in Punggol beach area. This bird not really afraid of human, so we can come closer to this bird.


Photo Gallery
: Richard’s Pipit

Pied Fantail (Rhipidura javanica) Fri, 08 Aug 2008 13:28:51 +0000 July 2008. Chinese Garden, Singapore

July 2008. Chinese Garden, Singapore

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum:  Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Rhipiduridae
Genus: Rhipidura
Species: R. javanica

Binomial name Rhipidura javanica
(Sparrman, 1788)

Main features: Small (18cm); dark plumage; long broad tail which it often fans out. Genders look alike.

Adult: Narrow black breast band contrasting with white throat and whitish belly. Upperparts dark/slaty grey; tail black tipped with white; eyebrow white.

Female: Rusty brown rump, upper tail coverts and wings; breast band smaller and blotched with white.

Call: Described as various churrs, chattering, whistles and squeaks; kree-chak . A common call is a long drawn out wheee-feeouul.

In flight: Rump appears white due to overlap of long flank feathers.

World distribution: Southeast Asia.

Classification: Family Corvidae (Crows, Orioles, Ioras). World 647 species, Subfamily Rhipiduridae.

Pied Fantails are named for their habit of fanning out their beautiful long tails. It has been suggested that by revealing the white tips of the tail, insects are startled into movement.

Pied Fantails eat mainly insects. Unlike their relatives the flycatchers, Fantails forage close to the ground in the dark understorey, perching on a root or low branch, teetering at the ready to launch into flight. They catch their prey on the wing and rarely miss. Their broad bill is ringed with spines (rictal bristles) which may help them catch insects even in the dim light of the understorey.

They move actively in the undergrowth, lurching from perch to perch; dashing in acrobatic flights. They make short flights from one cover to the next. They are generally quite inquisitive and not shy. They hunt alone or in pairs.

I took the photos in chinese garden, near by the bridge, they’re playing eachh others, this bird can suddenly fly really close to you, even almost landed at my hand. And the unique way of flight when he tried to catch the insect.


Photo Gallery: Pied Fantail